ARK is a decentralized digital platform and cryptocurrency, designed to foster blockchain adoption. It serves as a fast and secure way for individuals and enterprises to capitalize on the numerous benefits of emerging technology. ARK does this by providing a stable ecosystem in which user groups can create their own blockchains which can communicate back and forth.
ARK cryptocurrency was created in February 2017, based on the models of Lisk, Bitshares, and Crypti. Its platform acts as an all-in-one solution to several problems, due to its speed, scalability, decentralization, open source nature and allowance for collaboration. It is designed to be accessible and easy for just about any user to navigate. This is why it incorporates as many other blockchains and coding languages as possible.
One of the fastest-growing currencies, ARK is currently the 78th largest digital currency by market capitalization, out of more than 1,500 cryptocurrencies in existence. Its current price lies at $0.394 per unit, and its market capitalization is about $42.5 million. Despite its five-year projected price of $410.69, including scheduled inflation of 6.31% in 2017 and 5.93% in 2018, ARK has underperformed in the past year.
Like many other cryptocurrencies, its price plummeted in 2018 but may make a full recovery. This likelihood makes it a great time to invest in it. Before doing that, it is essential to know how the exchange platform works.
How ARK Works
ARK functions just like any other blockchain concerning immutably recording transactions through a consensus mechanism. In this case, that mechanism is the Delegated Proof-of-Stake in which the task of securing the network is delegated to a select few.
For comparison, ARK delegates the duty of confirming transactions to 51 nodes, while Bitcoin allows anyone to take up the task. This means that ARK does not have miners or any form of a profitable mining operation.
The decision of choosing delegates is left to members of the network since they have voting rights. However, each ARK holder is only allowed one vote at a time, can only pick one delegate, and each vote costs 1 ARK coin. The more tokens a user has, the more powerful their vote is.
Usually, potential delegates draft proposals, detailing what they are willing to contribute to the ARK ecosystem why users should vote for them. To ensure that users vote, some potential delegates even go as far as promising to share profits earned from securing the blockchain. So users who vote for such delegates receive dividends from their block rewards over time. Usually, delegates are awarded 2 ARK per forged block, and it takes roughly 8 seconds to confirm a transaction. However, each block contains only 25 transactions.
ARK uses a unique technology known as a SmartBridge to allow its users to communicate with other blockchains via blockchains of their own. This means that a user on the ARK blockchain network can merely connect a SmartBridge and send a message to the Bitcoin or Ethereum blockchain. Data functions known as encoded listeners and Vendor Fields make this possible.
The ARK platform might be the first to put such connective technology to use within the industry, and this sets it apart from other cryptocurrency projects. As a result of this new technology, users on different blockchains can still interact with smart contracts and decentralized applications built on platforms like Ethereum and Tron. This new development ensures that blockchain projects can easily connect.
To connect ARK to another blockchain, computer code must be added to the source code of the receiving blockchain. The code doesn’t change or harm the system in any way and only ensures that the chain is bridge-compatible with ARK. As long as it is, a SmartBridge transaction can be issued via the ARK wallet.
As an example, a user who holds ARK tokens can interact with a smart contract on the Ethereum blockchain by sending the transaction through a SmartBridge from the wallet. The ARK code on Ethereum recognizes and facilitates this interaction while also granting access to the user. The same happens for other blockchains as well.
Benefits of ARK
While ARK has several disadvantages, its advantages greatly outweigh them. Some of these advantages are:
- Transaction Speed: ARK transactions are relatively fast, with a confirmation time of 8 seconds since its center produces quick exchanges. This makes scaling easier for users who need to make several micropayments within a short period. Compared to platforms like Bitcoin and Ethereum, ARK currently has one best that speeds.
- Security: The issue of security is a source of constant worry in the cryptocurrency ecosystem. All platforms must maintain security to ensure their long-term sustenance and trust from their users. Without putting proper measures in place, malicious actors can manipulate and compromise a platform to initiate double spending transactions and steal other users’ funds. To avoid such a situation, ARK binds all its security and cryptographic functions throughout the entire framework. The platform also carries out hazard examination and tests regularly to further improve on the currently existing measures.
- Self-Sustenance: ARK has measures that will ensure its long-term sustenance, such as its ease of use and accessibility. The platform aims to satisfy its customers and ensure that they can use it to carry out transactions without knowledge of blockchain technicalities.
- Privacy: ARK offers users the ability to carry out transactions through its anonymous network integration which contains discretionary protection, and ensures the confidentiality of those transactions.
- Decentralization: The Delegated Proof-of-Stake consensus protocol creates a system that is adequately decentralized. It also eliminates the class issues seen in Proof-of-Work systems like Bitcoin. The votes are spread out among users according to their stakes, and the delegates are not permanent, ensuring that several people have the chance to contest for the position at different points.
Disbenefits of ARK
- Although there are excellent security measures in place, cybercriminals become smarter every day. Just like any other platform, there is no guarantee that users’ tokens will remain safe. Users must remain cautious and take as many protective steps as they can.
- Regulatory uncertainty threatens so many things in the cryptocurrency space, including the mainstream adoption of ARK. This is causing a lag in the platform's activities. When strict regulations are made in the industry, the platform will continue to function as others. However, there is still a degree of uncertainty concerning the after-effects of future regulation.
- Voting may cause economic rifts since the value of each vote depends on how much the voter has on the ARK network. Due to this policy, the wealthier users could have more control over who becomes a delegate and chaos may eventually occur.
New cryptocurrencies continue to emerge, but only a few have unique applications with significant future implications. ARK is one of such digital currencies and has continuously proven that it has more to offer.
Its innovative SmartBridge technology may play a more significant long-term role in the cryptocurrency industry than anyone thinks. Its support for multiple programming languages also encourages developers to contribute to the platform. Although it has a few disadvantages here and there, ARK offers numerous advantages to users, exchanges, businesses, and other blockchain platforms. Presently, ARK may very well be seen as a solid foundation for more exciting future applications of blockchain technology.